Installation and Setup¶
The basic installation of Z2Pack should usually be quite straightforward. Just make sure you have a Python interpreter which is at least version 3.4, and install it by typing
python -m pip install --user z2pack
in your console.
Depending on your system, the command to call the Python interpreter may be either
python3. In this tutorial, I will just refer to it as
python. There are also other ways to invoke
pip, but the above should work on all platforms.
You can check that this worked by firing up your Python interpreter and trying to import z2pack (all lowercase). The result should be something like this:
greschd@laptopdg:~$ python Python 3.5.1+ (default, Mar 30 2016, 22:46:26) [GCC 5.3.1 20160330] on linux Type "help", "copyright", "credits" or "license" for more information. >>> import z2pack >>> z2pack.__version__ '2.1.0' >>>
Unless you want some additional information, you can now skip ahead to the parts where I explain how to set up Z2Pack with tight-binding models or first-principles codes. If you don’t need that, you can go straight to the section on creating a System.
A cool way to install things in Python without “polluting” your system is to use virtual environments. To help you manage your virtual environments, the virtualenvwrapper tool works great. Virtual environments can also be used to install packages even if you don’t have administrator access on your system. When installing Z2Pack in a virtual environment, the
--user argument must be omitted.
If you want to install Z2Pack from source, you can download the code either from GitHub (development version) or PyPI (release version). You can then install it by again using
python -m pip install --user path_to_z2pack
path_to_z2pack should be the path to the top folder of the downloaded files. If you prefer not to install anything, you could also just remember to always put the following at the top of your scripts:
import sys sys.path.append('path_to_z2pack') import z2pack
Installing the tight-binding backend¶
For calculating tight-binding models, Z2Pack uses the TBmodels package. It is installed in the same way as Z2Pack:
python -m pip install --user tbmodels
Again, you can check that this worked by running the interpreter:
greschd@laptopdg:~$ python Python 3.5.1+ (default, Mar 30 2016, 22:46:26) [GCC 5.3.1 20160330] on linux Type "help", "copyright", "credits" or "license" for more information. >>> import tbmodels >>> tbmodels.__version__ '1.1.0' >>>
Setting up first-principles codes¶
Z2Pack uses the Wannier90 software to compute overlap matrices from first-principles. This means that Z2Pack can be used with any first - principles code that interfaces to Wannier90. If you are using Wannier90 version 2.1.0 or higher, it is compatible with Z2Pack.
For first-principles codes that are not yet compatible with Wannier90 2.1, a modified version of Wannier90 1.2 and 2.0 is available here:
Wannier90 1.2, modified for ABINIT
Compiling your first-principles code with this version of Wannier90 will likely break Wannier90 for purposes other than Z2Pack. It is recommended to create a separate instance of the first-principles code for Z2Pack.
The following is a guide on how to install ABINIT with the modified Wannier90 source by replacing the Wannier90 fallback in ABINIT. If your usual routine is to install ABINIT with Wannier90 as an external (pre-compiled) library, it may be easier to compile the modified Wannier90 source again and then linking to that.
Download the modified Wannier90 source and copy it to the
tarballsdirectory of ABINIT (usually
Now we need to change the checksum ABINIT expects from the Wannier90 source.
Get the md5sum for both the original (un-modified) Wannier90 source and the modified source with the command
Go to your ABINIT source folder and open the file
fallbacks/configure. Search and replace every instance of the old checksum with the new one. You should find 2 checksums to replace.
Build ABINIT with Wannier90 enabled. If one of the previous steps were not done correctly, the installation will likely get stuck trying to download Wannier90.
For VASP, the installation routine doesn’t differ from installing VASP with a regular version of Wannier90. Compile the modified Wannier90 source and link to it when installing VASP.